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Militaria, Entertainment, Sports and Comics

Rare OSS Spy Leader Medal and Document Group

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Start price: $1,000

Estimated price: $2,000 - $4,000

Buyer's premium: 21%

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Extensive medal and document collection to Colonel Ulius Amoss. Amoss was a renowned spy and espionage expert. He served as a area director of the OSS during WWII and created a private international research and intelligence organization after the war. Ulius "Pete" Louis Amoss (1895-1961) devoted his life to the world of espionage. In some of his speeches, Amoss references an old-school general who humorously defined espionage as the "second most ancient profession in the world, not as honorable as the first, nor as much fun." Despite its inherently unclean nature, Amoss argued that it should only be practiced by the most honorable individuals. Amoss’s first experience in espionage came about through his work with the International Committee of the YMCA in Greece. Eager to expand his activities into Turkey, the Middle East, and Africa, Amoss established an export business known as Gramtrade International Corporation, where he served as President from 1936 to 1942. During this period, he also assumed the role of a munitions dealer, involving himself in negotiations between Germany and Turkey. He further engaged in two other business ventures, the Harrisburg Machine and Foundry Company and the Shirgun Corporation. In 1942, when the government summoned Amoss for military service, it took control of his export operations, effectively ending them. During his time in the Armed Forces, Amoss held various key positions, such as Director of the Balkan Desk for Information at the C.O.I. (Coordinator of Information), Director of the OSS (Office of Strategic Services) Near Eastern Desk, and Deputy Director for sabotage, intelligence, psychological, and guerrilla warfare at the OSS. He also served as Commanding Officer for the Experimental Detachment G-3 UASFIME and as Deputy Chief of Staff for the U.S. Ninth Air Force. His service earned him the Legion of Merit, and he built significant relationships with colleagues from various U.S. allies. During this period, he met and later married Mary Veronica "Ron" Grogan, who also worked in secret intelligence in the Armed Forces. Following his discharge in 1946, Amoss remained committed to a career in espionage. He founded the International Services of Information Foundation, Incorporated (ISI), a non-profit, privately operated intelligence service aimed at gathering and sharing information from foreign countries. ISI published a General Report, a newsletter named INFORM, and a Special Letter to ISI Trustees and Supporters to disseminate insights acquired through intelligence operations, all edited by Amoss.To support ISI financially, Amoss established an unincorporated U.L. Amoss Syndicate in 1948, dedicated to facilitating legitimate and profitable transactions in foreign and domestic trade. This Syndicate then invested in several other corporations, one of which, World Rights, Inc., capitalized on Amoss’s discovery in 1954 of the hair-restoring product Grecian Formula 16. Aegean Products, Inc., and Delian Distributors, Inc. served as distributors for the product. In 1957, Amoss sold his stock in Grecian Formula 16 due to its undesirable side effects, particularly the presence of lead. He attempted to form a British company to invest in a new and improved product but faced challenges raising the required capital. Amoss and his Syndicate faced financial setbacks, prompting him to give numerous speeches promoting ISI and write articles for magazines. It’s evident from his Papers that he had intentions to write several books. Despite these efforts, any earnings he acquired were reinvested into ISI. Tragically, Ulius "Pete" Louis Amoss passed away on November 9, 1961, due to coronary thrombosis. The group includes various medals and associated award documents from several foreign governments. Most notable are the OBE from the United Kingdom, the Order Polonia Restituta Commander, from the Polish government, various awards from the Greek, Belgian, and Vatican leadership, as well as his WWII medals for serving in the United States Army Air Corps and OSS. Of special note, Ulius was "fired" from his post with the OSS for what was determined to be, harsh tactics. Most research suggests, that this was simply a public and political move by OSS Director, General Bill Donovan. Amos was likely retained, and continued his work covertly. In fact, two OSS discharge documents included in the group seem to humorously suggest this. The first document addresses Amoss as "Mr.", whereas the second refers to him as Colonel.